ART Centres – Ushus

USHUS- Free Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART) for HIV Positives

What is USHUS - ART Centres?


'Ushus' are the Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART) centres set up in all the Government Medical Colleges in Kerala, functioning under the department of medicine. ARV treatment, drugs for opportunistic infections and the CD4 testing are all provided free of cost to HIV positives. Kerala is the first state in India to start ART for HIV positive people in 2004, by meeting funds from its exchequer. Since 2006, the ART centres are supported by National AIDS Control Organization.

Details of Registration and Treatment at Ushus (ART) Centres

Sl. No.

Description

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Progressive total from the beginning(as on 31st March 2012)

1

No. of persons Registered for HIV care

1818

2580

2109

2498

2118

2030

16485

2

No. of patients started on ART

896

1069

1134

1678

1386

1403

9923

3

No. of death reported

135

225

254

277

245

217

1567

4

No. of Patients alive and on ART

1604

2340

3091

4164

5160

6214

6686


 

Why the service is provided?
Before fifteen years, a diagnosis of HIV positive status meant patient's inevitable progression to AIDS and death. Since the use of combination drug therapy for HIV – the use of typically three or four anti HIV drugs, taken in combination, known as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, or HAART or just Anti Retroviral Therapy – ART, HIV has been transformed into a chronic condition like diabetes or heart disease. Given that HIV largely affects younger - middle aged adults, expanding treatment access would prevent breakdown of societal structure and restore economic development.

The goal of ART is to keep the number of HIV viruses in the blood to undetectable levels, thereby stopping the deadly assault of HIV virus on the immune system (the system that protects the body from foreign invaders like germs) of the diseased. At present, three or more ARV drugs are recommended worldwide for the treatment of people with HIV infection. As long as the HIV positive individual takes the medication on a regular basis he/she retains close-to-normal quality of life including working capacity. This has resulted in a dramatic decline in opportunistic infections (OI) and HIV-related deaths.

An opportunistic infection is caused by germs that normally do not bring about disease but causes disease when the body's immune system is impaired. HIV infected is unable to fight off infection, where the virus cripples the body’s defenses against those germs. Opportunistic infections are a particular danger for people with AIDS. The HIV virus itself does not cause death, but the opportunistic infections that occur because of its effect on the immune system can.

Services Provided at ART Centres
All HIV positive persons can register at ART Centres for HIV care. These centres also provide prophylaxis and treatment for opportunistic infections. Counseling is given for ART preparedness and adherence.

CD4 cell count estimation, which is to be done once in six months for all HIV positive persons is facilitated through ART centres and done free of cost. Ushus centres are linked to Community Care Centres, where People Living with HIV/AIDS requiring nutritional support, counseling, treatment of minor opportunistic infections is referred to.

Link ART Centres
Anti Retroviral Treatment is lifelong and the patients have to come to Ushus centres every month for the rest of his / her life. Distance, travel cost and inconvenience being perceived to be barriers for optimal adherence for ART, NACO has envisaged having drug distribution centres called Link ART Centres (LAC), which will be linked to the existing ART centre.

Staff structure at Ushus centres
1. Senior Medical Officer
2. Counselor
3. Data Entry Operator
4. Staff nurse
5. Pharmacist
6. Lab Technician
7. Community Care Coordinator

 Find a Link ART centre near you

Details of Registration and Treatment at Ushus (ART) Centres

Sl. No.

Description

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Progressive total from the beginning(as on 31st March 2012)

1

No. of persons Registered for HIV care

1818

2580

2109

2498

2118

2030

16485

2

No. of patients started on ART

896

1069

1134

1678

1386

1403

9923

3

No. of death reported

135

225

254

277

245

217

1567

4

No. of Patients alive and on ART

1604

2340

3091

4164

5160

6214

6686

Public Health Lab, Kollam 0474-2764774
General Hospital, Pathanamthitta 0468-2222364
District Hospital, Malapppuram 0483 -2766880
District Hospital, Kannoor 0497-2731234
District Hospital, Kasargode 0467 – 2217019/18
District Hospital , Mananthawady ,Wayanadu 04935-240264
District Hospital, Payanavu,Idukki 04862-232474


[iceaccordion theme="simple"]
[accordionslide title="Accordion Title 1"] Accordion Content 1 [/accordionslide]
[accordionslide title="Accordion Title 2"] Accordion Content 2 [/accordionslide]
[accordionslide title="Accordion Title 3"] Accordion Content 3 [/accordionslide]
[/iceaccordion]

Quick Links